When composting, many people often do not get the desired results. This article will focus on five considerations and operating tips. If you are looking for ways to speed up the composting process, this article will be suitable for you.
- Shred compost material
Crushing and grinding compost materials as much as possible, the finer the ingredients, the faster the composting rate. After the compost material is crushed, the surface area is greatly increased, which makes it easier for microorganisms to decompose, thereby accelerating the material decomposition process. Here, SX can offer you suitable crusher for compost fertilizer.
- Proper mixing ratio of brown and green materials
Composting of organic fertilizer is a game of carbon to nitrogen ratio. For example, dry leaf sawdust, wood chips and other components are usually rich in carbon (C), from the color point of view, it is often similar to brown, so it is also called brown material. However, the kitchen waste, grass clippings, fresh cow dung, etc. are rich in nitrogen (N), and are often green in color, so they are called green materials.
Maintaining an appropriate mixing ratio of brown materials and green materials, as well as thorough mixing, is a prerequisite for the full decomposition of organic waste. As for the volume ratio and weight ratio of materials, scientifically speaking, it needs to be based on the carbon-nitrogen ratio of different materials. to calculate. For small composting, my suggestion is to refer to the Berkeley composting method, the basic composition of brown material: green material (non-feces): animal manure volume ratio is 1:1:1, if there is no animal manure, you can use green material Instead, brown material: green material is about 1:2. Based on this, just observe the follow-up situation and adjust. For large composts, adjustment costs are high and more precise calculations are required.
Moisture is essential for the smooth decomposition of compost. Too much or too little moisture both will hinder the whole process. Generally, if the water content of the compost exceeds 60%, it will cause anaerobic fermentation and stink, while the water content of less than 35% cannot be decomposed, because the microorganisms will not be able to continue their metabolic process. It is difficult to measure the water content accurately, but the basic experience of testing the water content is to take out a handful of material mixture, squeeze it hard, and finally drop a drop or two of water, that’s right.
- Turn the compost
Do you know how to stir-fry? If you don’t stir-fry, it’s easy to burn. The same logic applies here. Most of them won’t fully compost if you don’t turn them often. The best principle is to turn the pile every three days (Berkeley’s 18-day compost period is to turn it every other day), like peeling onions, turn the ones that were originally on the outer layer to the center of the pile, and turn the ones that were originally in the center of the pile. come outside. Turning helps improve air circulation and distributes microbes evenly throughout the pile, which speeds up decomposition. Go here for the best compost turning machine.
- Add microbes to your compost
Microorganisms are the protagonists of decomposing compost. They are working day and night to decompose compost materials. Therefore, when starting a new compost heap, if some good microorganisms are introduced correctly, the compost heap will be filled with a large amount of compost after a few days. These microorganisms allow the decomposition process to start quickly. So we usually add something called “compost starter”, don’t worry, it’s not a commercial commodity, it’s just a handful of old compost that has decomposed, or compost that decomposes quickly, dead fish or even Urine will do.
In general, to get an aerobic compost that decomposes quickly: chopped materials, proper material ratio, correct moisture content, keep turning, and introduce microorganisms. Just check and adjust the five aspects. If you want to know more about composting, you can visit https://fertilizerequipmentmanufacturer.com/compost-fertilizer-making-machine/