With the development of environmental protection and organic agriculture, the use of organic wastes to produce organic fertilizers through biological fermentation has been rapidly developed, making the treatment of organic wastes harmless and resourceful. However, most of the organic fertilizer obtained by biological fermentation is coarse powder or irregular small lumps, which is very inconvenient to use, and is particularly unfavorable for large-area machine sowing. Making the coarse powder or irregular small pieces of organic fertilizer obtained by biological fermentation into spherical granular organic fertilizer is the key to solving the problem of large-scale popularization and use of organic fertilizer.
FPC will explain to you how the organic fertilizer production line makes organic fertilizer into pellets. The coarse powder or irregular small pieces of organic fertilizer after biological fermentation are characterized by high water content (30-40%) and looseness ( The bulk density is 0.3～0.4t/m3), and the fiber is much. The existing organic fertilizer in the form of coarse powder or irregular small pieces after biological fermentation is made into spherical granular organic fertilizer.
- Some manufacturers use traditional discs or drums to granulate, and need to dry coarse powder or irregular small pieces of organic fertilizer (moisture content <15%) and crush them into very fine powder (greater than 100 mesh) . Then add the binder and inorganic fertilizer, and the addition amount of the binder and inorganic fertilizer in the organic fertilizer cannot be greater than 30%. Although this method can be made into spherical particles, the organic fertilizer in the processing process will be crushed by sufficient precipitation, then be granulated by adding water and then dried, repeated many times, so the processing cost is quite high. Moreover, due to the low density of organic fertilizer, the particle strength is low, which is not conducive to storage, transportation, and machine seeding.
- There are also some manufacturers who first dry coarse powder or irregular small pieces of organic fertilizer until the moisture content is only 20-25%. Then, a flat die extrusion granulator or a pair-roll extrusion granulator is used to squeeze the dried organic fertilizer into columnar or oblate spherical particles. Although this method is more convenient to use, the fluidity is still not good, it is not suitable for machine broadcast, and the appearance is poor and the appearance is not good.
- Some manufacturers first use flat die extrusion granulatorto squeeze the coarse powder or irregular small pieces of organic fertilizer into short columnar particles (due to high water content and high fiber content, columnar particles also have a certain degree of plasticity). Then, it is polished to form spherical particles, and then the spherical particles are dried, cooled and sieved to obtain qualified particles. In this method, the raw materials do not need to be processed, the moisture sequence is reduced in steps, and the production cost is greatly reduced. However, this method also has some fatal weaknesses, that is, organic fertilizer is easy to arch, easy to block and easy to bond equipment, and at the same time, the output is small and the power consumption of the extrusion process is high.
Therefore, in summary, the organic fertilizer industry urgently needs to introduce a large-yield, low-energy compression granulating equipment to overcome the easy arching, easy blocking, easy bonding equipment, and small output of the traditional granulator. And the shortcomings of high power consumption in the extrusion process.